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Rome, Italy

Rome is a city and special comune  in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of Lazio. With 2.8 million residents, it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Between  million people live in the Rome urban and metropolitan area. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within the Lazio region of Italy. Rome is referred to as "The Eternal City", a notion expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers.

Istanbul, Turkey

Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart. With a population of 13.9 million, the city forms one of the largest urban agglomerations in Europe[d] and is among the largest cities in the world by population within city limits] Istanbul's vast area of 5,343 square kilometers is coterminous with Istanbul Province, of which the city is the administrative capital.[c] Istanbul is a transcontinental city, straddling the Bosphorus—one of the world's busiest waterways—in northwestern Turkey, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies in Europe, while a third of its population lives in Asia.

Octobeer in Berlin

The earliest evidence of settlements in the area of today's Berlin are a wooden beam dated from approximately and leftovers of wooden houseparts dated to  digging in Berlin Mitte.The first written records of towns in the area of present-day Berlin date from the late 12th century. Spandau is first mentioned in  and Köpenick in, although these areas did not join Berlin until. The central part of Berlin can be traced back to two towns. Cölln on the Fischerinsel is first mentioned in a document, and Berlin, across the Spree in what is now called the Nikolaiviertel, is referenced in a document from. The former is considered to be the founding date of the city. The two towns over time formed close economic and social ties and eventually merged in 1307 and came to be known as Berlin.

Paris, France

The earliest archaeological signs of permanent settlements in the Paris area date from around. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the area near the river Seine from around 250 BC. The Romans conquered the Paris basin in 52 BC, with a permanent settlement by the end of the same century on the Left Bank Sainte Geneviève Hill and the Île de la Cité.The Gallo-Roman town was originally called Lutetia, or Lutetia Parisorum but later Gallicised to Lutèce. It expanded greatly over the following centuries, becoming a prosperous city with a forum, palaces, baths, temples, theatres, and an amphitheatre. The collapse of the Roman empire and the 5th-century Germanic invasions sent the city into a period of decline. Lutèce, largely abandoned by its inhabitants.


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